September 18, 2021

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Turkey refuses to classify the Brotherhood as a “terrorist” and complicates the understanding with Egypt

In a television interview with the “Haber Turk” channel, today, Tuesday, Davutoglu said that his country opposes Egypt’s classification of the “Brotherhood” as a terrorist organization, indicating that Turkish government It considers it a political movement that seeks power through elections.

Although Turkey has shown its keenness to rapprochement with Egypt During the last period, discussions were held between diplomatic representatives of the two countries in Cairo at the end of last week. However, the past few days witnessed several statements towards Egypt, which observers described as a return to “hostile rhetoric.”

It was Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan “We seek to restore unity with historical roots with the people of Egypt and to continue it again,” he said in press statements that followed the Friday prayers reported by the official Turkish Anadolu Agency.

Erdogan added:Turkey A country that is resilient with loudness, not a state that others determine what it does in foreign policy, “as he put it.

Egypt and several Arab countries have classified the Brotherhood as a “terrorist” group since 2014, after its involvement in armed operations that targeted state institutions and public figures, after the June 2013 revolution, was classified. United State The two movements of Hasm and Liwa al-Thawra are terrorist organizations at the end of 2016.

The Egyptian researcher specializing in international affairs, Muhammad Fawzi, believes that the evidence that followed the recent dialogue between Cairo and Ankara suggests that there has been no progress in the vital controversial files.

He explained in a statement to “Sky News Arabia” that the final statement issued after the end of the talks made it clear that the Egyptian side does not want to rush towards reconciliation, before making sure that these moves reflect the presence of a real Turkish desire to build understandings in the contentious files, not just a maneuver aimed at them. Turkey circumvented its internal crises and its regional isolation.

Speaking of remarks Ihsanoglu Fawzi pointed out that the coming period was not expected to witness a major shift in the file of Turkish support for a group Brotherhood This is due to the Turkish president’s reliance on the group as an implementation tool.

Referring to the issue of handing over Brotherhood leaders, the Egyptian researcher clarifies that some circles indicated that the Turkish delegation had informed its Egyptian counterpart that Ankara It cannot hand over the leaders of the Brotherhood that Egypt is asking for, explaining that most of them have legal residency in Turkey, which was expected because Ankara did not abandon its regional expansion project in the region, which considers the Islamic currents in the region its backbone, in addition to that it does not want Turkish President The loss of its internal Islamic electoral bases due to this decision, especially with the challenges facing the Justice and Development Party in the 2023 elections, and the significant decline in its popularity.

Summary of the negotiations

The two-day round of negotiations between Egypt and Turkey ended on Thursday evening Cairo With the aim of restoring relations between the two countries.

A joint statement said that the discussions were “frank and in-depth discussions, as they touched upon bilateral issues, as well as a number of regional issues, especially the situation in the region.” Libya Syria and Iraq, and the need to achieve peace and security in the Eastern Mediterranean.

The dispute prevailed between Egypt and Turkey since 2013, especially after the Brotherhood’s rule was toppled revolution And Ankara provided financial and logistical support to the group that carried out terrorist operations targeting Egyptian state institutions.

More recently, senior Turkish officials have indicated an improvement in relations with Egypt, in a shift from their previous sharpened critical approach towards the government of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi.

On the 12th of March, the Turkish president said that the two countries had conducted “intelligence, diplomatic and economic” contacts, adding that he hoped for “strong” relations between the two countries.

A week after Erdogan’s statements, his government requested three Egyptian-based TV channels IstanbulLinked to the Brotherhood, its political coverage critical of the Egyptian government was reduced, and television channels immediately stopped broadcasting some political programs.