Egyptian history culminated in many achievements, rights and achievements that women obtained in their golden age, since President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi assumed the presidency of the republic, who was keen to support, encourage and give her their rights, so that Egypt became one of the first countries to march in the renaissance of the women’s file.
The state has been keen on empowering women in all political, economic, social and legislative fields after the directives and attention of the political leadership, so that we find real gains and achievements on the ground for women in various fields in terms of rights, positions, laws and strategies that protect every woman after years of inequality and discrimination between her and men.
On the occasion of International Women’s Day, “Al-Ahram Gate” reviews the most important achievements and achievements of Egyptian women, as follows:
Women in leadership positions
Egyptian women have succeeded in reaching leadership positions and decision-making positions and have proven their competence and competence. They have obtained many important positions for the first time throughout history and continue to represent higher percentages in leadership positions in government institutions and bodies.
National Security Adviser to the President
For the first time, a woman was appointed to this position, and she is Dr. Fayza Abul-Naga, the first lady who holds the position of advisor to the president for national security affairs by a decision of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, and this is the biggest evidence of the political leadership’s confidence in the competence of Egyptian women to hold such powerful positions.
Women were able to obtain a remarkable percentage of representation in ministerial portfolios, as 8 women reached the position of minister according to the latest cabinet reshuffle, and the National Council indicated in a report that the percentage of women ministers in the Council of Ministers increased from 6% in 2015 to 20% In 2017 and then to 25% in 2018, and this is the highest representation of women ever in the Egyptian Cabinet, we find that there are 8 examples of successful women in the ministries, and they are Ambassador Nabila Makram, Minister of State for Immigration and Egyptian Affairs Abroad, Dr. Nevin Jama, Minister of Trade and Industry Dr. Nevin Al-Kabbaj, Minister of Social Solidarity, Dr. Hala Zayed, Minister of Health and Population, Dr. Inas Abdel-Dayem, Minister of Culture, Dr. Rania Al-Mashat, Minister of International Cooperation, Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment, Dr. Hala Al-Saeed, Minister of Planning.
Director of the headquarters of the international organization in Vienna
For the first time, an Egyptian woman, Dr. Ghada Wali, has reached the position of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Director of the Executive Office of the United Nations Crime Office and Director of the International Organization’s headquarters in Vienna, after assuming the position of Minister of Social Solidarity, and this is a new victory for Egyptian women and an explicit proof that women Competently able to obtain and succeed in decision-making positions.
Senior Assistant to the Prime Minister
For the first time, a woman holds the position of first assistant to the prime minister, Dr. Randa Al-Minshawi, a victory and progress made by Egyptian women, and a clear proof of the confidence of the political leadership, represented by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and the government of Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, in the ability of women to assume responsibility and hold important positions.
Women were able to acquire the position of deputy governors, in the conservative movement in 2018, it included 4 female members and became conservative MPs, and in 2019 they became 7 women in this position, so the percentage is 31%.
430 female judges
26 new female judges were appointed in the courts of first instance and 66 female judges in Egyptian courts, in addition to the appointment of 6 female judges as deputy heads of the Egyptian State Cases Authority, bringing the number of female judges to 430 judges.
Represented by Egypt in the African Union Advisory Council on Combating Corruption
Chancellor Amal Ammar reached the position of representative of the Arab Republic of Egypt in the elections for membership of the African Union’s Advisory Council to Combat Corruption for a two-year period from 2020 to 2022, after the elections that were held at the headquarters of the African Union in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, representing the northern region.
First Deputy Governor of the Central Bank
The woman reached the position of the first deputy governor of the Central Bank, and Lubna Hilal took the position.
Women and Politics
The state was keen to empower women in political life, as women entered the representative life, and a new and great victory for Egyptian women was added to their gains during the era of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, which is the arrival of about 162 female representatives to the Egyptian Parliament, reaching 27% in a precedent that has not happened before. Women also succeeded in participating greatly in the elections for the House of Representatives, the Senate and the presidency, to be the most popular and topped the political scene, and in a precedent that had not happened before, Representative Phoebe Fawzi Gerges, as the first Coptic Egyptian woman, assumed the position of a deputy to the Senate after the restructuring of the Council in Light recent constitutional amendments.
Egyptian Women Empowerment Strategy 2030
Egypt is the first country in the world to launch a national strategy for the empowerment of Egyptian women 2030 in line with the goals of sustainable development, which confirms the state’s belief in the role of Egyptian women in the advancement of society and the need to empower them. President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi adopted the “National Strategy for the Empowerment of Egyptian Women 2030” in the year 2017, which is a road map for the Egyptian government to implement all programs and activities related to empowering women, and the strategy contains 34 indicators of the sustainable development goals and consists of 4 main axes, which are the axis of political empowerment and leadership, economic empowerment, social empowerment, protection.
A strategy to combat violence against women
The Egyptian state launched the National Strategy to Combat Violence against Women, with the participation of 20 ministries (2015), which was approved by the Council of Ministers.
A strategy to combat genital mutilation
Adoption of the national strategy to combat female genital mutilation (circumcision) in 2016.
A reproductive health strategy
Egypt has also launched the National Reproductive Health Strategy (2015), given the reflection of this issue on women’s health.
The first study on the cost of gender violence
The launch of the first study on the economic cost of gender-based violence in Egypt; To support evidence-based policymaking (2015), Egypt was the first Arab country to conduct this survey.
Gender Equality Seal Award
Egypt is the second country in the world to launch the Gender Equality Seal Award for private and public institutions to recognize the outstanding performance of these organizations and achieve tangible results in gender equality.
20 Articles of the Constitution
Among the legislative gains that protect women, the state was keen to protect women by law, as the Egyptian Constitution 2014 included the values of justice and equality, as it included more than 20 constitutional articles to guarantee women’s rights in various areas of life, and the amendments continued until they included the protection of women in important and serious issues. Let us find many legislations that do justice to women during the past 6 years, among these legislations amending the inheritance law, increasing the penalties for female circumcision and sexual harassment, the promulgation of the law organizing the work of the National Council for Women, the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, the National Council for Persons with Disabilities, and the Insurance Law. Social and pensions, comprehensive health insurance, and the adoption of a law on alimony evasion, the Family Insurance Fund Law, the Civil Service Law have been amended, and an article that guarantees equal investment opportunities has been allocated in the new investment law, and the Egyptian tax law recognizes women as the breadwinner of the family under the unified tax law, in addition to the law Preserving the confidentiality of the data of victims of harassment and sexual assault.
The Egyptian state, with all its institutions from ministries and governmental bodies, in cooperation with the National Council for Women, has worked seriously to empower women socially through several programs and projects.
The launch of the first phase of TOT training of trainers targeting 883 rural women who raised awareness on the ground about concepts of financial inclusion in 27 governorates in Egypt.
– Launching a media campaign dedicated to financial inclusion, increasing knowledge and financial culture, to change the false societal culture, and it included the adoption and continuation of a program to obtain national ID cards for women who are incapable, as 700,000 ID cards were issued for women and 670,000 identity documents; With the aim of exercising their constitutional rights and facilitating their access to the services provided by the state.
Launching the conditional cash transfer program “Takaful and Karama” to reach 563 villages and 345 centers in 27 governorates. There are about 2 million women, of whom about 175,000 have special needs (80% of women are the beneficiaries of the program).
During the year 2019, the number of families registered in the databases of the Ministry of Solidarity, which includes “Takaful and Dignity” and “Social Security”, reached about 6.5 million families, with a total of 8.164 million individuals. During the year 2019/18, a cash support amounting to 17.434 billion pounds was disbursed. 3.2 million of it are families.
The premarital education program was launched to educate young people about the responsibilities of marriage. The program reached 75,000 young people, of whom 74% were young women beneficiaries.
– The government sought to support the activities of productive families during the year 2018/2019, by organizing a number of exhibitions for the products of “productive families” that contributed to increasing sales by 120 million pounds, and implementing more than 68.5 thousand micro-projects to empower women economically. These projects target rural women. And mothers of schoolchildren, at a financial cost estimated at 468.5 million pounds, in addition to providing 41.3 thousand opportunities through small and micro enterprises for women and youth, as well as training 18 thousand women in the field of business and marketing.
The allocation of 50 hostels for elderly women, while there are 80 homes for men and women together, bringing the total number of women to 5,500 elderly women benefiting from the services of the hosting homes.
Various intensive awareness campaigns
Launching awareness campaigns for Egyptian women in all governorates of Egypt with financial and banking products, benefiting 119,170 women until 2019.
Women and family planning
In the field of family planning during 2018 and 2019, 2.5 million women received family planning methods, and the number of family planning clinics visited about 15.9 million women, and the number of visits to mobile units reached 22.4 thousand, in addition to the implementation of 1.9 million visits through the doors To raise awareness of the importance of family planning in the various governorates of the Republic, in addition to organizing more than 23.8 thousand seminars to raise awareness of the importance of family planning and limit the population increase, and 339 reproductive health caravans have also been implemented in remote, random and deprived areas.
Opening of 13 clinics to provide family planning services to NGOs in each of the governorates (Kafr El Sheikh, Beheira, Qena, Beni Suef, Assiut, the Red Sea, and Giza).
Launching the “2 enough” program to raise awareness of the importance of family planning, targeting 1,148,000 families in Egypt.
Accessibility Initiative Egypt’s governorates have begun to commit to implementing the concepts of accessibility for people with disabilities in government agencies and new advanced projects.
Presidential initiatives for women
The “100 Million Health” initiative to screen for hepatitis C, diabetes, high blood pressure and body mass index (weight).
The Egyptian Women’s Health Initiative, which included awareness and examination for 4 million women, targets 28 million women nationally to detect breast cancer and non-communicable diseases, and aims to reduce the incidence of non-communicable diseases and spread awareness and culture about these diseases for early detection.
Launching awareness campaigns on the importance of early detection of breast cancer for women who reached 67,670 women in 2018.
Egyptian with 100 men
The Ministry of State for Immigration and Egyptian Affairs Abroad launched the “Egyptian with 100 Men” initiative, which aims to highlight the role of Egypt’s great women and convey the true image of Egypt to Egyptians abroad and the development the state is doing.
The needs of women in the Corona pandemic
Egypt is the only country in the world to be the first country in the world to issue a policy paper on responding to the special needs of women and girls in the context of dealing with the pandemic, and it has launched a mechanism to monitor and follow up the implementation of those policies, as more than 165 measures, decisions and preventive measures in support of Egyptian women have been monitored so far.
Egypt ranked first in the report issued by UN Women and the United Nations Development Program on measures taken by countries around the world to support women during the Covid-19 pandemic, which explained in the section on the Middle East and West Asia region that the number of measures that Egypt has taken to support women According to the standards of monitoring the United Nations, which is the highest number of measures that have been taken in the aforementioned region, since the beginning of the crisis.