Similar to the New Society campaign in South Korea, the village youth projects put Egypt on the path of the Asian Tigers

When we talk about Egyptian villages, the first thing that comes to mind is the state of poverty that controls its people and the desire of its youth to migrate illegally, but there has become a strong intention by the state to change that image, with the launch of the presidential initiative to develop the poorest villages, this is in addition to the presence of many Pictures contrasting to the images of village poverty are present in us in the productive villages. Villages are not only poverty and illegal immigration, but there are villages whose people have been able to change their appearance by focusing on some products, and they are experiences that need support and encouragement, and they can be the basis of development, especially since the villages Small plays a big role in pushing the economies of countries forward, and this is what happened in the Asian tigers countries, and in the next investigation we will talk about the experiences of those countries … and our experiences in the productive villages, which may be able to put Egypt in the footsteps of the Asian tigers.

Tiger experience
In South Korea, the “New Society” campaign was launched and implemented under the leadership of the late President of the Republic, Park Jong-hee, from the beginning of 1971, by increasing the income of farm families and improving the standard of living in the region. The campaign began implementing its projects to improve conditions in villages, by reforming housing and roads. Agricultural and road expansion, providing villages with electricity, then focusing on educating and training village residents and promoting rural industries, to contribute to increasing income.
In Taiwan, most of the industrial projects have been resettled in small cities and villages, which has led to a reduction in social and economic disparities between different regions and between rural and urban areas, and the spread of development returns to the widest possible area, so that residents of rural areas benefit from industrial development, and control migration from the countryside to cities or From the countryside to outside the country.

Productive villages
There are many experiences of productive villages in Egypt, which can be used and taken care of, and we wanted to tour some of those villages to present their experiences ..
The beginning is from the village of “Kafr Meet Al-Haroun”, the center of Zefta in the Gharbia governorate, which received the nickname “The Village of Black Gold”. It is a small village that found in used car tires a great treasure, where the people of the village collect these tires from everywhere, reprocess them in their village and transform them To many products.

Ahmed Assem – one of those working in this profession in the village – says: We inherited this profession from grandfather from grandfather, and through it we achieve a double benefit, as we benefit financially from the experience, and the state benefits from rotating those tires that represent a problem in many places, and the profession began with the people of the village cutting The rubber used to repair shoes and make “cuttings” used in agriculture, then after that the profession developed and some people found that they could recycle rubber again and turn them into important products, and most of the people work in that profession, so there is no person without work in the village. The village attracts young people from neighboring villages, but we need infrastructure and manufacturing tools. Last year, Dr. Tariq Rahmi, Governor of Gharbia, explained to him our needs, and he assured us of work to transform the village into a model village.

And inside a small workshop in the village, Saber Abdel Tawab holds some small tools and cuts rubber .. And he says: The village has many workshops operating in that profession, no less than 300 workshops, so it is a profession that does not require a large investment, and there are those who allocate part of His house is like a small workshop, and some collect and buy used tires from neighboring villages and centers or tire repair workshops, and then we manufacture many products, including snatches and wire harness, which are used to “splint” tires, to plug any holes in the tires until they are done Again use, or wide belts used by tillage tractors, and manufacture of “rice thresher” machine belts and car pedals, as well as many other products.

A beehive in Nag Aoun
In the Beheira governorate, the village of Naga Aoun, affiliated to the Kafr El Dawar Center, was among the poorest villages in Egypt, but its residents succeeded in eradicating poverty, by growing organic vegetables on the roofs of houses, and eliminating unemployment, turning it into a beehive that everyone works in. Rajab recounts Rabie – one of the people in charge of development projects in the village – the transformation that took place in his village, and he says: We were a very poor village, and the houses were made of straw and tin, but with a group of village residents we launched an initiative to eliminate this situation, and we found that there is a demand for organic farming And they are making great gains, so we resorted to them with the support of development societies

However, most of the people do not own agricultural lands, so we decided to plant on the roofs, after obtaining small loans to convert the roofs of houses to concrete roofs, and the village youths received training courses in cooperation with NGOs on how to grow rooftops, and we relied on the organic hydroponic system in tubes These tubes are connected to “elbows” that transfer water from one danger to another, which makes us consume less water, and there are those who grow in front of his home, and we sell products in the markets and keep a part for personal consumption.

Ashraf Abdel Shafi continues talking about the village’s experience and says: The shape of the village changed completely after we were below the poverty line, and after the unemployment rate was high, no one was left without work, and there were those who worked in organic agriculture and then began to work in the manufacture of carpets and furniture or raising poultry and livestock There is a carpet workshop in which more than 100 girls and women work, and the workshop receives many requests from all cities and even Cairo, and it has been able to export outside Egypt as well, and there are handicrafts, especially clothes and fabrics.

Daily experience
There is another experiment in Fayoum governorate, carried out by the people of Shakshouk village, which is affiliated with the Abshway Center, as most of the women and girls of the village work in a different profession, which is peeling shrimp for the account of fish and shrimp merchants, in exchange for obtaining shrimp shells, which are converted into bird feed.

But there are some young people who have found another economic benefit from the shrimp peel, by extracting a substance called “chitosan” from it, which is a very useful substance, and this is what the two famous entrepreneurs do, Yahya and Ihab Osama, and they established their company for this purpose ..

On the origin and idea of ​​the project, Ihab Osama said: The idea of ​​the project came through participating in attending a camp in Lake Qarun to learn about the causes of pollution of the lake water, and the subsequent death of the fish wealth there, and we found tons and mounds of unused shrimp shells, in addition to being one of the first causes Diseases there, in addition to being untapped, with the promise of research and studies, we were able to know how to invest the peels in achieving added value and a profitable product.
The work team searched for how to benefit from marine waste, and found that chitosan is one of the materials that have many uses, including feeding livestock, and is involved in many industries such as medicine, pharmacy, water treatment, agriculture and industry, and the company became a leader in the field of research, development and mass production of chitosan. Buy shrimp shells instead of throwing them in the streets or garbage, as the peel is sent to laboratories to extract chitosan, which then goes to factories to convert it into agricultural fertilizer.

Osama says: The shrimp shells have more than 250 uses, whether in the pharmaceutical industries or environmentally friendly fertilizers, plastics and agricultural sectors, and the first market in which we work is agriculture. When we conducted a study of all the current sectors, we found that agriculture is the most suitable sector to start with, and we buy the shrimp peel from Women in Fayoum, with a value of 6 pounds per kilo, and the company collects and extracts chitosan.

Turning waste into treasures
We have many other successful youth experiences in benefiting economically from villages. There are many village youth trying to solve the problems of their villages in innovative ways and achieve a material return, and this is what is happening in the Qarmatiya village in Sohag, and that is at the hands of the entrepreneur Mohamed Yousry, where he found a big problem in His village, which is the problem of tons of banana plantation waste .. which causes many environmental and social problems .. Therefore, he and two girls thought of a pioneering solution that would eliminate this problem.

Muhammad Yusri says: There are many villages that grow bananas in Sohag, and after the harvest the stems must be cut and discarded, so farmers threw this waste either in the streets or into the Nile and canals or burned, and there were many disputes and quarrels between families inside our village because of that, and therefore Two girls and I thought with me at the end of 2018 to find a solution to this problem, as the waste of banana cultivation in Sohag is only 65 thousand tons per year, and in Egypt exceeds one million tons, and it results in environmental and health problems due to burning it, and we thought of disposing of these wastes in a safe manner. Research we found that there is an experiment to benefit from that waste, as India extracts from these waste fibers that can be used in the manufacture of many products, and we decided to see what they do there, and we contacted one of the manufacturers and found that they are using a machine so its price is 45 thousand pounds, but we collected A small amount, so we thought of trying to manufacture a machine instead of importing it, and we had an agricultural engineer and actually manufactured the machine at a cost of 9 thousand pounds, and we started our work and we were able to actually extract fibers, and we called our project Banana Art.

As for the next step after extracting the fibers from banana tree waste, Yousri says: After researching, we found that we can manufacture many products, so we already started that idea and turned the fibers into hand-made products, mats, bags and accessories, and currently we manufacture paper from these fibers, and we have provided many Of job opportunities for girls, as we now have more than 35 girls working on converting fibers into products, besides benefiting the farmers themselves, there are those who take the machine to extract the fibers from the trees, and we buy them from them for 35 pounds per kilo, and we got the best initiative award. In the Arab world, in the Youth Voluntary and Humanitarian Competition in Kuwait, we won another award from the Academy of Scientific Research, and we participated in an exhibition in London in cooperation with Sohag University.

Manufacture of wood from crop residues
Another treasure that a group of young people found in the unused vegetable crops and recycling agricultural waste in many villages, especially villages in the Mahalla governorate, where they turn it into wood and provide a new source of income for farmers. This is what Ahmad Al-Mihi, Muhammad Kafafi and Hisham Subhi did, after they saw that There is a lot of agricultural waste wasted, which made them think about how to benefit from it, which is what they did through their company that they founded, which works to manufacture wood from agricultural waste through advanced technology and environmentally friendly methods, which reduces 30% of the manufacturing cost. It avoids deforestation, and provides thousands of indirect jobs in rural communities.

The company’s executives confirm that wooden panels represent 60% of global wood-based panels, and the market size in Egypt is more than one billion pounds, and is growing at a rate of double every year in the past decade, imports cover 90% of current consumption, and their new technology is the result of more than 6 Years of research and development in the field of wood engineering, their solution reduces the manufacturing cost by more than 30% of the current process, solves most of the problems facing domestic manufacturers such as seasonal employment, high energy consumption and low quality, and created a new patented processing technology, Which could use untapped agricultural waste in abundance, which solves the problem of the local manufacturer due to scarcity of raw materials and high energy consumption, and the company succeeded in exporting its products outside Egypt.

Mohamed Kafafi confirms that their vision is to contribute to the industrial sector in Egypt, to provide hard currency by being the market leader in Egypt, the Middle East and Africa, and to be among the largest manufacturers and exporters of green composite materials in the world, as well as to provide a healthy environment, develop rural areas, and produce High-value wood panels to meet the needs of our markets, providing them with high quality that meet international standards, by utilizing our wasted resources.

The company won many local and international awards, as it was selected from the top 10 startup companies in Africa out of 3000 companies at the continental level that contribute to the United Nations’ sustainable development goals, and it was chosen to participate in the most famous global competition for emerging companies with a social and environmental impact in the United States of America at the University of Berkeley, California, (Global Social Venture Competition), where it was among the top 6 companies among thousands of participating companies from 67 countries in the world, and won the (People Choice Award).

Eliminate death boats
There is an important step that the state takes to improve life inside the villages, which is an attempt to eradicate illegal immigration, through many initiatives.
Among these initiatives is the “Survival Boats” initiative, which aims to raise awareness of the dangers of illegal immigration, discuss the causes that led to it and work to solve them, train and rehabilitate youth and support them, and work to provide thousands of job opportunities, in addition to the opening of the Egyptian German Center for Jobs and Integration, which aims to reduce immigration. Legitimacy in Egypt, by defining its causes, providing job opportunities for Egyptian youth and qualifying them for the labor market, in cooperation between the Ministry of State for Migration and Egyptian Affairs Abroad and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), as part of the “Survival Boats” initiative and commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

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