How are Egypt and Sudan affected by filling the Renaissance Dam without coordination?

And while you stick to it Ethiopia Filling second without formatting with Egypt and Sudan Despite its pledge not to harm the two countries, and with the statements of the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, in which he confirmed that the second filling will be on schedule in next July, widespread concerns are raised about the size of the damage to the two downstream countries, which prevented the second filling without coordination, whether due to the size of the deficit. In the quantities of water in Egypt and Sudan, and the impact of this on drinking water stations and dams in particular in Sudan.

Sudan is the worst affected, with the largest number of Egypt From the repercussions of the second filling, which was clearly demonstrated over the past year.

This comes at a time when ambiguity still dominates the path of negotiations between the three countries, after Sudan proposed an international quadripartite intervention in the negotiations, and Egypt’s support for that proposal, while the Ethiopian side rejects that and insists on working under the umbrella of the African UnionSince his intervention in the crisis file since the middle of last year, he has not succeeded in reaching a compromise solution between the three countries.

13.5 billion cubic meters

In exclusive statements to “Sky News Arabia”, Cairo water expert, Dr. Nader Noureddine monitors the possible repercussions in the event of the second filling of the dam reservoir, without coordination between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia.

He pointed out that “the second filling will be 13.5 billion cubic meters of water, and then the total will be in the range of 18.5 billion cubic meters, after adding the five billion last year.”

He explained that “this amount is considered large, and Egypt and Sudan should coordinate before starting to reserve it this year, because of the repercussions of this, including the stopping of drinking water stations in eastern Sudan.”

He continued, “The same is true of Sadie Roseires And Sennar, who are responsible for generating electricity in Sudan, who are expected to stop working due to the lack of sufficient water in the river, and therefore there must be coordination between Egypt and Sudan on how to reserve this large amount of water; So that drinking water stations and power plants in eastern Sudan are not disrupted, in addition to also High Dam In Egypt. ”

Nord-Din considered that “the matter also depends on the period of time during which the water will be seized, whether for a month, two months, or several months throughout the four months of the flood,” stressing that “Ethiopia is determined to act alone without coordination with the two countries, hence the quantity. Which will be reserved, estimated at 13.5 billion cubic meters, will be effective, which is equivalent to irrigating 3 million acres. “

Sudan is considered the most affected if Ethiopia undertakes the second filling of a reservoir AlNahda dam Nour al-Din confirmed in his statements, during which he pointed out the extent of the impact of Sudan last year, and the drinking water stations were stopped for more than 3 weeks, before the flood water that flooded the lands and homes and washed away the fields in the next two months was released.

He continued: “Therefore, the first affected Sudan, and then Egypt, which is definitely affected by the shortage of water, if the quantity was 13.5 billion cubic meters, then Egypt’s share of the shortfall would be approximately 9 billion cubic meters, equivalent to irrigation of 2 million acres.”

Deficit quantities

In turn, the water expert, an advisor to the former Egyptian Minister of Irrigation, Diaa El-Din El-Qoussi, says that the potential shortfall for Egypt amounts to 7 billion cubic meters, as well as Sudan.

He explained this in statements to “Sky News Arabia” by saying: “The second filling is for a quantity of 13.5 billion cubic meters, and according to the 1959 agreement, any deficit borne by Egypt and Sudan equally, and thus each of them loses about 7 billion cubic meters.”

The 1959 agreement (the Nile water sharing agreement signed in the Egyptian capital) defines the share of Egypt and Sudan in water Nile In its annual response, Egypt gets 55.5 billion cubic meters, and 18.5 billion cubic meters for Sudan.

Al-Qousi added, “In the event that Ethiopia does the second filling, it is expected that Egypt’s share will decline to about 48 billion cubic meters, while Sudan’s share will decline to about 11 billion cubic meters, and thus Sudan is considered the most affected.”

He added, “Nevertheless, the impact and harm of Egypt cannot be denied as well, and then I imagine that the two countries may turn to inflexible alternatives, if Ethiopia insists on its position.”

And about whether people in Egypt might feel the impact of losing these quantities directly and perceptibly or not, he said that the matter depends on the stock of the High Dam.

He concluded his speech by saying, “But the basic idea is that Egypt has the right, and as long as it has the right to its position, it is not possible to give up that right and wait for the results.”
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