Experts on Greek moves between Egypt and Libya: To block Turkey’s ambitions for the Mediterranean

Between Tripoli and Cairo, Greek diplomacy is making massive moves to “tighten the siege on Turkey’s ambitions” in the eastern Mediterranean, according to experts.

These moves also aim to push Ankara to accept the rules of international law regarding its maritime borders in the eastern Mediterranean, and not to violate the rights of others, according to a reading by political analysts in separate interviews by Al-Ain Al-Akhbariya.

Greece’s last diplomatic stop was Sunday, with the current visit of its foreign minister, Nikos Dendias, to Cairo, in a move bearing more than one title, namely; “Eastern Mediterranean, maritime borders, and the Libyan file.

On Sunday, the Greek Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, met his Egyptian counterpart, Sameh Shoukry, to discuss bilateral relations and regional issues of common concern.

Nikos Dendias’ visit to Cairo comes a day after his meeting with President of the Presidency Council, Mohamed Al-Exiled, in the Greek capital, Athens, confirming during the visit his country’s support for Libya and its readiness to enhance cooperation in areas of common interest.

Siege tightening

Two Egyptian experts and a Greek political source considered in separate interviews by Al-Ain Al-Akhbar that the Greek moves on the Libyan and Egyptian levels during the past few days aimed at trying to “tighten the siege on Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean,” and work to undermine the maritime border demarcation memorandum concluded between Ankara and the government of Fayez al-Sarraj .

Dr. Bashir Abdel Fattah, an expert on Turkish affairs at the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, said in an interview with Al-Ain News that the visit of the Greek Foreign Minister to Egypt comes at a time when Athens is very close to Tripoli on the issue of the eastern Mediterranean and the maritime border crisis.

Abdel Fattah warned that the visit to Cairo “is not far from Athens’ moves to rapprochement with Libya, and an understanding with the government to demarcate the maritime borders.”

The expert at Al-Ahram Center pointed out that Greek sources confirmed on Sunday that the latter is about to reach an agreement to demarcate the maritime borders with the Libyan side, which will cast a shadow over the border demarcation memorandum concluded by Ankara with the previous Libyan government of Fayez al-Sarraj at the end of 2019.

Abdel-Fattah believes that the Greek-Libyan understanding of border demarcation strongly reinforces the maritime border demarcation agreement signed between Cairo and Athens, which will lead to “pushing Ankara into an angle that compels it to accept the recognized international legal references,” as he put it.

Confronting Turkey’s ambitions

And on the importance of the Greek foreign minister’s second visit to Egypt, on Sunday, to Cairo in less than 40 days, the expert affirmed in Al-Ahram that there is keenness on the Egyptian and Greek sides to communicate and coordinate joint and permanent in many issues, in terms of economic, security and military cooperation.

He continued, “It is clear that there is clear coordination in the positions to confront Turkish ambitions and threats in the eastern Mediterranean region, and coordination also regarding the exploitation of the wealth of the eastern Mediterranean.”

For his part, Dr. Tariq Fahmy, a professor of political science at Cairo University, said in an interview with Al-Ain Al-Akhbariya that the visit comes at an important time related to the current developments in the region, the eastern Mediterranean region, and the Greek-Libyan understanding.

He continued, “The matter is related to the ongoing moves in the Eastern Mediterranean region, against the backdrop of high-level Egyptian, Greek and Cypriot coordination.”

He also stressed that the visit will have repercussions and positive results within the framework of Cairo and Athens’ keenness to exchange ideas and visions for the Eastern Mediterranean region, and in the framework of the cohesive bilateral relationship since the signing of the agreement on the demarcation of the maritime borders between the two countries.

Subjugation of Ankara

Hristo Cavalis, head of the Greek community in Cairo, confirmed that the official visits of his country’s foreign minister to Cairo and, more recently, to Libya, come within the framework of coordinating positions; With the aim of subjecting Turkey to work in accordance with international law and its rules in the eastern Mediterranean, and working to curb its illegal ambitions and aspirations.

In an interview with Al-Ain Al-Akhbar, Kaflis said that the Greek foreign minister’s visit to Cairo will contribute to supporting stability in Libya and working towards the exit of foreign forces from it.

He explained that the visit comes to enhance cooperation opportunities between the two countries in order to achieve common interests between the two countries, and to complete the necessary coordination in order to impose the application of international law in the eastern Mediterranean region.

The visit of the Greek foreign minister to Cairo came at a time when Ankara is intensifying its courtship of Cairo to demarcate the maritime borders in the Mediterranean, and to break the tripartite blockade imposed on it by Egypt, Cyprus and Greece.

Since 2019, the Turkish conflict has intensified with neighboring countries, especially Greece and Cyprus, to control regional waters that are subject to international disagreement, with the aim of converting them into Turkish concessions areas, likely containing quantities of natural gas, which Turkey needs.

While Egypt has demarcated its borders with Greece, as Sisi approved last October the agreement of the Egyptian and Greek governments regarding the designation of the exclusive economic zone between the two countries signed on August 6, 2020.
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